Pakistan hosted the 48th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) from 22-23 March 2022 in Islamabad. The summit coincided with the 75th anniversary of independence.
Pakistan Foreign Office described the conference as “a resounding success on all counts from organizational and management points of view to substantive preparations and outcomes. “
The meeting took place in the backdrop of conflicts and tensions around the world, persistent denial of justice, and rising inequalities. Therefore Pakistan’s presentation of an overarching theme: “Partnering for Unity, Justice and Development” meant a realistic appraisal of current challenges and opportunities faced by the Muslim Ummah, and presentation of shared vision and plans to address them. The CFM articulated a clear message that the Muslim world was desirous of becoming a partner in peace, not conflict.
Pakistan’s prominent role in the OIC is evident by:
• Robust Participation: Over 800 foreign delegates; over 45 Ministerial level participants, high-level dignitaries from OIC Member & Observer States, and international and regional organizations as well as the important participation by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi as a special suest
• Robust Engagement: This CFM was the 7th high-level OIC meeting convened by Pakistan since the organizations’ establishment in 1969: (two Summits in Feb. 1974 and March 1997); five CFMs (Dec. 1970, May 1980, April 1993, May 2007, and March 2022), besides three Extra-ordinary Sessions.
- Islamabad Declaration
- Forceful resolution on Jammu and Kashmir Dispute
- Comprehensive Joint Communiqué and an Action Plan by the Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir
- Strong resolution on Palestine
- Operationalization of OIC Humanitarian Trust Fund on Afghanistan
- Appointment of OIC Special Envoy on Islamophobia
- Resolution on threats to peace and security in South Asia – grave concerns over Indian missile launch incident of March 9, 2022
- Pakistan’s proposal to convene a Ministerial Conference to identify mechanisms and tools for promotion of peace and prevention of conflicts in the Muslim world.
As many as 140 resolutions on the entire range of political, security, humanitarian, economic, social, legal and financial issues; Muslim minorities, Islamophobia, Arms Control, Terrorism, COVID-19 response, Illicit Financial Flows and Corruption, Mediation, OIC Reforms.
At least 20 resolutions sponsored or co-sponsored by Pakistan: Jammu and Kashmir, Arms Control, Peace and Security in South Asia, UN Security Council reform, Muslim Minorities, Situation in Afghanistan, Islamophobia, Countering Terrorism, Illicit Financial Flows, Combatting Corruption, COVID-19 Response, Pakistan’s 75th anniversary celebrations.
Indian-occupied Jammu and Kashmir issue
- Unanimous adoption of a forceful resolution on Jammu and Kashmir dispute
- Robust advocacy by the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister
- Strong expressions of support and solidarity in statements by OIC Secretary General, Saudi Arabia, Niger, Asian, Arab and African Groups, China in the inaugural session, plus statements by many other delegations
- Adoption of comprehensive Joint Communiqué by J&K Contact Group
- Action Plan by Contact Group and its approval by CFM
- Presentation of visit reports by OIC Special Envoy on Jammu and Kashmir, IPHRC and ASG for Humanitarian Affairs
- Strong reiteration of solidarity and support in Islamabad Declaration
- Endorsement of Pakistan’s position on legal, diplomatic, human rights, humanitarian and peace and security dimensions of the Jammu and Kashmir issue.
Highlights of OIC Resolution on Jammu and Kashmir dispute
• Strong expression of support and solidarity with the Kashmiri people; their inalienable right to self-determination and rejection of Indian attempts to equate their just cause for freedom from Indian occupation with terrorism
• Emphasis that the question of Jammu and Kashmir is of utmost importance for Muslim Ummah, and required a unified position from Member States at international fora;
• Robust endorsement of support for settlement of the dispute in accordance with UNSC resolutions, its final disposition under UN supervised plebiscite and the indispensability of its just settlement for durable peace in South Asia
• Reiteration of rejection of India’s unilateral and illegal actions since 5 August 2019, and the demand from India to reverse those actions including demographic changes
• Deplores human rights violations in IIOJK; and calls for issuance of updated report by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Special Envoy on Jammu and Kashmir will:
- Organize annual visits to the region to obtain first-hand information about the situation on the ground, and report upon his observations to the Council of Foreign Ministers.
- Engage UN Special Procedure Mandate Holders and international human rights organizations to continue monitoring and highlighting different aspects of the human rights violations in Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir in line with respective mandates.
- Enhance outreach and advocacy on the various aspects of the Jammu and Kashmir dispute.
Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) will:
- Continue monitoring the human rights violations in the IOJK under its Standing Mechanism and publish annual reports.
- Organize a special session on the different dimensions of human rights situation in IIOJK in coordination with OHCHR,other human rights organizations.
- Regularly dispatch Fact-Finding Missions to Jammu and Kashmir for making an impartial assessment of the human rights situation there.
- Liaise with OHCHR and UN Special Procedures Mandate Holders for regular exchange of informationand reports, with a view to alleviating the human rights and humanitarian situation in IIOJK.
On Ukraine, the Islamabad Declaration expressed deep concern about the deteriorating security and humanitarian situation. It reaffirmed unequivocal support for the universal and consistent application of the principles of the UN Charter, including non-use of force, respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states, non-interference in their internal affairs, and humanitarian law. Having deliberated on the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, the OIC Ministers called for an immediate cessation of hostilities to prevent further loss of life and ensure that the humanitarian crisis does not worsen in Ukraine. They stressed the need for the establishment of humanitarian corridors to ensure the safe movement of civilians from active conflict zones and the provision of humanitarian supplies. The declaration urged both sides to engage in meaningful dialogue with the purpose of finding a solution to the present conflict.
Foreign Ministers of Iraq, Egypt, Palestine and China called on the President of Pakistan. President Islamic Development Bank, Foreign Ministers of Tajikistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, China, Palestine, Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq met Prime Minister Imran Khan.
Foreign Minister Qureshu had meetings with OIC SG, counterparts from Egypt, Tajikistan, Tunisia, China, Bahrain Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, Gambia, Turkmenistan, Palestine, Kyrgyz Republic, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Thailand, High Representative for UNAOC, and US Under Secretary of State, and hosted 25 African Heads of Delegations over dinner. Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary has also held several meetings on the sidelines.